Veer Sambhudhan Phonglo was born in 1850 in the small village of Longkhor, near Maibang in the North Cachar Hills, near the ancient goddess Ranachandi of the Dimasa Kachari kings (present Dima Hasao District).
Sambhudhan was said to have been born at dawn on the Falgoon Purnima of the Indian almanack, though the exact date of his birth was unknown. Deprondao Phonglo was his father, and Khasaidi, his mother, had five sons. Ramakant, Umakant, Ramakant Ramcharan, alias Ramren, and Haisholong are all names for Ramakant, Umakant, Ramakant Ramcharan, alias Ramren, and Ramakant Ramcharan (youngest). According to oral history, Sambhudhan was tall, handsome, and possessed a powerful physique. He had large eyes and ears, which were also of a large size. His skin tone was light.
He was born and raised in Longkhor before relocating to Gonjung as an adult. However, he then moved to Saupra, a small town near Nanadisa. But he couldn't stay in one place for long, so he left Saupra and moved to Semkhor, near Mahur. While in Semkhor, he married Nasadi. Following Semkhor, Sambhudhan relocated to Dihorfonglo hamlet, which was named after Sambhudhan Phonglo and was situated on the Mahur River (diyung). To this day on the bank of Motinala, there was also a tank known as ambhudhan-ni-dikhor, or Sambhudhan's tank, which was dug out by Sambhudhan. From childhood to manhood, he experimented with warfare, social unity, and land geography, all of which he realised were necessary for the Dimasa Kachari race's survival.
In the year 1832. Southern and Northern Cachar were taken over by the British. The Northern Cachar, on the other hand, was ruled by Tula Ram Senapati (a great Dimasa General). After Senapati Tula Ram's death in 1854, the British seized Northern Cachar. However, following the conquest of the region, the British were extremely treacherous. They did not tag Northern Cachar with South Cachar, but annexed the land to a NAGAON district without due process. The territory was then handed over to a Junior Political Officer at Asalu's headquarters. The region was divided in 1866 between the Nagaon and Naga Hills districts. While parts of the Diyung Valley and the Kopili Valley were allocated to the district of Nowgong, a substantial chunk of the Diyung Valley and the Kopili Valley was assigned to the newly formed district of Naga Hills. While parts of the Diyung Valley and the Kopili Valley were allocated to the district of Nowgong, a substantial chunk of the Diyung Valley and the Kopili Valley was assigned to the newly formed district of Naga Hills. The rest became the North Cachar Hills area, which consisted solely of steep terrain.
Sambhudhan Phonglo was dissatisfied with the British's divide and rule policy, which was designed to marginalise the indigenous people. He couldn't accept that whites should have the upper hand over non-whites. He pondered the situation and concluded that if the native people were to lose their freedom, why should they assist the foreign power in consolidating its position?
To give up one's freedom was to accept slavery. Is it worth it for them to live as slaves under the aliens?
Suffering could be tolerated, but slavery could not.
As a result, Sambuddha decided to rebel. He observed that, despite annexed territory, the British were unable to conquer the native people's hearts. He didn't believe that everything had already been lost. He resolved to prepare for a last-ditch battle.
To organise the rebellion, Sambhudhan toured extensively in the North Cachar Hills. He was successful in motivating the villagers to speak out against the British. He enlisted the help of a large number of young people to form a revolutionary force. Man Singh was named as Phonglo's Principal Adviser, and Molong Thong was named as his Subordinate Commander. In Maibang, Phonglo began training his insurgents. Villagers volunteered their time to help at the training centre.
Recruits were delivered in groups of thirty to forty to Maibang. As a result, Sambhudhan decided to rebel. He observed that, despite annexed territory, the British were unable to conquer the native people's hearts. He didn't believe that everything had already been lost. He made the decision to prepare for a last-ditch fight. To organise the rebellion, Sambhudhan toured extensively in the North Cachar Hills. He was successful in motivating the villagers to speak out against the British. He enlisted the help of a large number of young people to form a revolutionary force. Man Singh was named as Phonglo's Principal Adviser, and Molong Thong was named as his Subordinate Commander.
The British Government was very concerned about Sambhudhan's increasing activities. When the matter was brought to the attention of British authorities, the sub-divisional officer stationed at Gunjung was advised to deal with the charge of revolting against a legally established government with firm hands. The Sub-Divisional officer summoned Sambhudhan and his subordinates, Man Singh and Molongthong, as instructed, but they refused to appear in front of the British officials. A warrant for their arrest has been issued. The British troops tasked with apprehending Sambudhan.
However, the Sub-Divisional Officer made a mistake by sending a contingent of six armed constables under the command of a police force, who were taken aback when they arrived in Maibang and saw Sambhudhan's size and strength, as well as the fact that he had already built a large village of his followers. The bearers of the warrant, however, were not threatened with violence, and a letter written by Man Singh on Sambhudhan's dictation was handed over to them as soon as they left Maibang.
THE LETTER WARNED THE WHITES:
You white bubbles!
If you have any desire for food to eat on this earth.
And If you have desire for water to drink on this earth, You should leave our country
Before I reach Gonjung;
No army would induce Sambhudhan to appear before an illegal authority and any army dispatched to Maibang would be completely annihilated.
Not to be let down, he organized his own army, being an expert in guerrilla warfare. The british officers who attacked his camp in Maibang didn't return alive
During the battles, the British army could see Sambhudhan's growing strength and force. As a result, news of his growing threat became a source of consternation for the British empire. They bribed a woman who befriended Sambhudhan's wife, and he was surrounded by the British army on one of his visits home. The British eventually tracked him down in the deep jungle of the North Cachar Hills, where the creepers made it difficult for him to flee. He died as a result of a wound infected by "khokri" thrown by the Nepali army.
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